Stunning Admissions on Contaminated Vaccines and AIDS.
A Chronic Illnet Interview with Vaccine Developer Dr. Sweet
[With comments by Dr. Horowitz]
Article: After Thirty Years, Prominent Polio Vaccine Researcher
Confirms Suspicions About Monkey-Virus Contamination By T.J.
[With text in brackets added by Dr. Len Horowitz]
[For several years, many of us challenging the medical scientific,
AIDS, and vaccine establishments have wished for reputable scientists
involved in the early years of vaccine research and testing to
come forward with the truth regarding the risky nature of their
activities, particularly as these risks relate to many of our current
and coming plagues. This knowledge is important for both preventing
and finding cures for some of our most pressing illnesses including
AIDS, Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome (CFIDS), Gulf
War Syndrome (GWS) and others. This fine interview article by T.J.
Moriarty and Dr. Urnovitz's Group from Chronic Illnet is, in my
opinion, a classic admission and statement of facts--FACTS THAT
SHOULD BE IMMEDIATELY AND SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED BY BOTH INDEPENDENT
SCIENTIFIC AND U.S. CONGRESSIONAL INVESTIGATIONS into the manmade
theory on the origin of AIDS and other contemporary immune-system-related
disorders. This can only be prompted by a grassroots wave of activism.
Therefore, please pass this valuable and revealing interview article
on to members of your network, the media, and to your legislators.
For the latter, please use the Leggs Political Action Page link
available through our website [http://www.tetrahedron.org]
Over the past fifteen or more years, the immune system has been
increasingly more challenged. Indefensible disorders such as AIDS
and HIV as well as conditions like Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
and Persian Gulf War-Related Illnesses are the new epidemics of
the Silicon Age. By comparison, the days of polio and small pox
epidemics seem crudely forgiving when we consider that today's
viral mutants repeatedly outsmart gains made in vaccine development.
However, it seems the days of polio are still with us - not in
the form of acute viral outbreaks of fever and paralysis - but
in the uncharted data on the long-term effects from the simian
(monkey) viral contaminated polio vaccines given to countless children
and adults three decades ago. Even more, what other undetectable
monkey viruses have been transmitted in the vaccine batches of
late? These unanswered questions continue to resurface in today's
research and still riddle retired scientist Ben Sweet. "No one
really knows if there are any dangers, but no scientist can definitively
say there aren't any, that is what's scary,"; says Sweet.
As a senior research scientist for a major pharmaceutical company
from 1959 to 1964, Dr. Sweet was one of those responsible for the
research, development and field testing of the killed respiratory
Contaminated Polio Vaccines
Scientific literature states that some polio vaccines given between
1955 and 1961 may have contained low-levels of live monkey viruses.
As many as 26 of the simian contaminants were readily detected
but still other viruses, like SV40 slipped past rigorous quality
control testing procedures available at that time. The simian viruses
were inadvertently introduced into the vaccine pool because the
polio virus was grown in monkey (Rhesus, Patas, or Cynomolgus)
In his 1960 paper,"The Vacuolating Virus : SV40"; Sweet and co-author
M.R. Hilleman write, "This new virus represents the detection for
the first time of a hitherto non-detectable simian virus of monkey
renal cultures and raises the important question of the existence
of other such viruses. All three types of Sabin's live polio virus
vaccine were contaminated"
[Dr. M. R. Hilleman is heavily implicated in developing, along
with Merck, CDC, FDA, and NIAID investigators, the vaccine that
most plausibly initiated the AIDS epidemic (see: "Emerging Viruses:
AIDS & Ebola-- Nature, Accident or Intentional?" written by
this author and published by Tetrahedron, LLC, 1996;1997 for latest
Dr. Sweet told Chronic Illnet about the alarm that circulated
around the discovery of the SV40 virus in 1960. "It was a frightening
discovery because, back then, it was not possible to detect the
virus with the testing procedures we had. It only showed up in
the cells of the African Green monkeys -- the species being used
exclusively by our company. We had no idea of what this virus would
do thirty years ago."
Sweet says there were two things that the research team had determined: "First,
we knew that SV40 had oncogenic properties (cancer-causing) in
hamsters which was bad news. Secondly, we found out that it hybridized
with certain DNA viruses - like adeno virus - such that the adeno
virus would then have SV40 genes attached to it. We couldn't clean
up the adeno virus vaccine seed stocks grown in monkey kidney cells." The
seed stocks apparently were always contaminated but the vaccines
were still administered.
[The supplier of these contaminated monkeys from at least 1962
to the mid 1970s was Litton Bionetics, a top U.S. Army biological
Dr. Hilleman was the chief investigator overseeing the Merck contract
to develop the hepatitis B vaccine that appears to have most plausibly
initiated the AIDS epidemic.
Merck's President, George W. Merck, was America's biological weapons
industry director personally appointed by President Roosevelt following
Merck and Company, Inc. also is infamous for having received a
large infusion of cash around the same time to secure a virtual
monopoly over the chemical and pharmaeutical industries by Martin
Bormann, Hitler's top financial officer for the Third Reich. (See: "Martin
Bormann: Nazi in Exile" by the reputable CBS News correspondant
Paul Manning published by Lyle Stuart Inc., 1981, pp. 29, 56 and134).
According to Manning, Merck along with Germany's leading industrial
organization--I.G. Farben (a Rockefeller Standard Oil partner)--
received the money to help actualize Hitler's proclaimed "vision
of a thousand-year Third Reich [and] world empire. This was outlined
with clarity in a document call 'Neuordunung,' or 'New Order,'
that was accompanied by a letter of transmittal to the [Bormann
led] Ministry of Economics. It declared that a new order for the
chemical [and pharmaceutical] industry of the world should supplement
Hitler's New Order (pg. 56). . . . 'Bury your treasure,'" Hilter
advised Bormann, "for you will need it to begin a Fourth Reich." According
to Manning's report, that is precisely what Bormann did "when he
set in motion the 'flight capital' scheme August 10, 1944, in Strasbourg.
The treasure, the golden ring, he envisioned for the new Germany
was the sophiticated distribution of national and corporate assets
to safe havens . . ." such as Merck.]
Confusion Surrounding the "Killed" Vaccine
Possibly the most unsettling part of [Dr. Sweet's] research that
he carries with him thirty years later, is knowing that an untold
number of people (possibly in the 10's of millions) were exposed
with this virus whether they were given the "live" or "killed" polio
"Even the people who received a killed polio virus vaccine could
have been infected. Those papers we wrote were incorrect at the
time, stating that formalin killed vaccines were free of simian
SV40 virus. But the new information regarding the killed ones was
never published" he added. By then it was too late. These findings
came after the mass inoculations with the polio vaccine.
The distinction between "live" and "killed" vaccines is a critical
one. The scientific community and the American public was told
that "killed" vaccines were undoubtedly safe because formalin was
used to destroy any contaminating simian virus. The thirty-nine
or so simian viruses prior to SV40, were probably inactivated with
formalin, but not SV40. The virus eluded the virus-killing behavior
of formalin. This now meant even the "killed" vaccines unintentionally
contained small amounts of active virus. "So it's a likely possibility
that a some of those individuals injected with supposedly inactivated
adeno virus vaccines that had the SV40 contaminant or SV40/adeno
hybrid could also be producing antibodies to it."
Due to the molecular "kinetics" of virus inactivation, Sweet and
other researchers believe other viruses -- similar to SV40 -- could
also have been present in the vaccines if they too could circumvent
There were specific laboratory difficulties associated with adeno
virus -- now carrying an attached form of SV40. Sweet describes, "When
we started growing the vaccines, we just couldn't get rid of the
SV40-contaminated virus. We tried to neutralize it, but couldn't.
Either adeno or SV40 would come out down the line"
[The following are direct quotes]
Chronic Illnet: What were you thinking at the time when
you realized people were being exposed to SV40 about the long-term
effects, considering we're still in the dark?
Sweet: We really didn't think about it until we found out
it was oncogenic and now, with the theoretical links to HIV and
cancer, it just blows my mind.
Chronic Illnet: Was there any temptation to just scrap
the whole project, make an announcement and move on?
Sweet: Sabin and, more specifically, Salk vaccines were
already widely in use by then. We were, of course, always worried
about possible vaccine contaminants present because we didn't know
what these monkey cell cultures were carrying. We were always worried
about encountering a new, undescribed virus. Always. When we found
out there were viruses present in the Rhesus -cynomolgus monkey
systems, and the possibility that each monkey assay system was
different from another, the temptation was there to transfer the
studies to another system. But it was too late to switch gears
and start using raccoon or chicken systems, because then you could
be dealing with another whole set of viruses.
Chronic Illnet: What was the political climate?
Sweet: You had to be careful, very careful. When the virus
appeared oncogenic in hamsters, we wanted to do tests to determine
if it caused malignant transformation of normal cells in culture.
In reality, we did not although an outside agency confirmed the
Sweet also described another inherent problem in vaccine development
-- the controversy and competition between the Salk (killed) and
Sabin (live) formulas. Despite common knowledge, both Salk and
Sabin were definitely contaminated. The Salk vaccine had already
garnered prestigious appeal as a "safe vaccine.
Long-term Studies Encouraged Three Decades Ago
In his 1960 paper, Sweet, et al. stressed the need for studies
on the long-term effects on humans to determine the pathogenicity
of these agents for man. "When the 'contaminated' vaccines were
released, we really felt confident patients needed a substantially
higher level of infectious SV40 and/or they had to receive multiple
shots to elevate the body's viral count high enough to cause the
harm." To some, the term "contaminated" carries with it an intent
of malice, but Dr. Sweet says this is clearly not the case. Sweet
noted that persons fed live SV40 contaminated polio virus vaccine
orally, or inactivated Salk-type vaccine intramuscularly, showed
strong evidence of antibody production to polio viruses. In additon,
the vaccine recipients were not showing significant harmful effects
or antibody production, in the short term, to SV40 - which was
encouraging. "Less concerning long-terms effects could be noted," he
At the time of the discovery of the human exposure to SV40, there
was no evidence that the virus was present or active in vaccine
recipients. In recent years, however, SV40 has been isolated in
human tissue, two from the brains of patients with PML (progressive
multifocal leukoencephalopathy) and another from a metastatic melanoma
patient. Results of this study appeared in the paper "Human Exposure
to SV40 : Review and Comment" by Shah and Nathanson in the Journal
of Epidemiology in January of 1976. Important from that report
is the only definitive origin of where human exposure came from:
"With the exception of viral vaccines, no pharmaceutical product
intended for human use requires the use of simian cultures."
Based on their interpretations, the authors estimate somewhere
between 10-30 million people of the 98 million injected were exposed
to at least SV40
Today's Polio Vaccine Research - Long-Term Effects
To date, the polio vaccine has been administered to an estimated
ninety-seven percent of children in the United States.
Although there are no "proven" scientific facts about the possible
perils of contaminated or even "purified" polio vaccines, there
are a handful of credible researchers with theories too intriguing
and carefully outlined to disregard. Their theories, if proven,
may offer a new link in conquering the immunodeficiency diseases
of this century
Microbiologist Howard Urnovitz is one member of a team who believes
many of today's new syndromes like Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Gulf
War-Related Illnesses and even HIV have, "some association with
the possible contaminants in the vaccine." He says we may be paying
the price for "prevention" years later, as the uncertainty about
the effects on our immune system from the vaccine continues to
Was SIV Also Present? Is There an Evolution of HIV from the Vaccines
There is also a concern whether another virus of primate origin
-- Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) -- could also have been
present in the original vaccines. That possibility cannot be ruled
out. But only testing of the original polio vaccine samples and
seed stocks would give a reliable or closely definitive answer.
Sweet stressed the need for studies on the original simian isolates
and the antisera prepared against them and their possible relationship
to SIV. At this point, future studies may be lost due to the impossibility
of retrieving such samples.
At the 8th Annual Houston Conference on AIDS, Urnovitz suggests
that HIV-1 may have also originated from the contaminated polio
vaccines through the recombination with normal human genes. "It
is very likely that HIV-1 may have been a result, and that it may
in fact be a monkey-human hybrid. His theory states that the contaminating
viruses have "archived" themselves in the body's nerve tissue.
These virus fragments then resurface at a later date when the immune
system becomes challenged. An opportunistic infection or exposure
to toxins could be the "trigger" that stimulates the reappearance
of these virus fragments.
"This virus 'archiving' could be igniting the symptoms of central
nervous system disorders, chronic fatigue and joint pain that have
been linked to more than a dozen unexplained epidemics," he added.
Dr. R. Stricker's paper entitled "The Polio Vaccine and the Origin
of AIDS" that appeared in the January 1994 edition of Medical Hypothesis
is yet another theory highlighting a potential link. Stricker states, "The
transfer of monkey viruses to man via vaccines is particularly
relevant to AIDS since the causative agent HIV, is thought to be
derived from a simian precursor virus." He says the evolution of
HIV remains to be proven but is nonetheless startling, "Is it only
a coincidence that HIV infection manifested itself at the same
time as the introduction of vaccines that are now known to have
been contaminated with simian viruses?"
[At the 1996 XI International Conference on AIDS in Vancouver,
another team of investigators led my Dr. L. Horowitz presented
a related HIV/vaccine contamination theory. They cited evidence
that the 1974 experimental hepatitis B vaccine developed by Hilleman
and other scientists at the CDC and FDA, partly in contaminated
chimpanzees, and partly in polio vaccine contaminated humans, might
have initiated recombinations of HIV relatives or even the AIDS
virus itself. Blood from people in New York City and Central Africa
who first received contaminated polio vaccines, and then were inoculated
with chimpanzee virus contaminated hepatitis B viruses, was used
to develop 200,000 human doses of the 1974 hepatitis B vaccine
Dr. Horowitz and others reported "most plausibly gave rise to the
sudden and simultaneous emergence of AIDS cases in these far removed
regions of the world four years later)." Had the Salk and Sabin
contaminated polio vaccines alone been responsible for the AIDS
epidemic, these authors agree, then AIDS cases would have been
seen about a decade earlier, and would not have been clustered
in New York City and Central Africa where most suspiciously the
hepatitis B vaccine trials took place.]
The collection of theories on the origins, pathways and the sheer
number of potential "victims" from the contaminated vaccines is
certainly unsettling. Although each theory has its own individual
elements, a cohesion exists: The cross-species cultivation of vaccines
is clearly laden with risks -- risks that may be irreversible,
carrying consequences too great to endure. But to what extent,
if any, irreparable damage has been inflicted upon humanity is
still blurry. . . .
For consumer activist Barbara Loe Fisher, co-Founder president
of the National Vaccine Information Web Site the fact that the
original vaccines were contaminated and current polio vaccines
are still grown on African Green monkey tissues, is just one more
indication that government vaccine officials have created dangerous
public health policies without making sure they have the solid
science to back them up.
"Who is minding the public health when the FDA allows drug companies
to produce vaccines grown on animal tissue cultures and they don't
even know if this practice is facilitating cross species transfer
of animal viruses into man?" says Fisher.
Highlighting the fact that American parents are legally required
to vaccinate their babies with 10 different viral and bacterial
vaccines, Fisher warns, "No one really knows the latent, long term
effects on the human immune and neurological systems. With 200
vaccines in the research pipeline, more than 100 in clinical trials
and scores on the brink of being licensed, vaccine research had
better get back to the basic science before another AIDS epidemic
is created in a vaccine lab."
[Please credit Janet Weiner <JNW1220@aol.com>, Director
of FMS/CFS Support Group, for this submission]